Babies Growth & Development

A baby’s smile is an antidote to melt your day’s stress away.

Baby Development: How It Happens

Those last 9 months felt like they took forever as your baby went from a bundle of cells to a beautiful bundle of joy. The next twelve months will go so fast, you will want to cherish every day with your new baby.

Babies growth and development in these first 12 months is so important in setting the foundations for the rest of their lives. As parents you will love watching them as they explore their surroundings and their own bodies as they. Through warm and responsive interactions with you and others around them, as well as play and interaction, your baby will learn to communicate, think, move, express their emotions and so much more.

Development is progressive, with each change building on earlier ones. Developmental changes generally happen in the same order in most children, but they might happen at different ages or times. For example, children usually learn to stand, and then they learn to walk. But this development can happen any time between 8 and 18 months.

Baby Developmental Milestones

Developmental ‘milestones’ are behavioural or physical signs of a baby’s development. Developmental milestones are a useful guide for tracking your baby’s development.

Developmental milestones are grouped under headings according to the parts of the body they refer to:

  • Large body movements (gross motor skills) involve the coordination and control of large muscles and include skills like walking, sitting and running.
  • Small body movements (fine motor skills) involve the coordination and control of small muscles and include skills like holding a rattle and picking up crumbs.
  • Vision is the ability to see near and far and to understand what you see.
  • Hearing is the ability to hear, listen to and understand sounds.
  • Speech and language is the ability to make and understand sounds that form words.
  • Social behaviour and understanding is the ability to learn and interact with others. It includes skills for play, connecting and communicating.

What Your Baby Can Do

What your baby can do is broken down into 4 main groups

Physical Development – Rolling over, sitting, standing and walking—these are some of the typical motor skills that babies and young children develop in the first months and years of life.

Typically, children develop motor skills from the top down. First comes head control and then control over the upper body. While working on these motor milestones, children also develop small, fine motor skills—like using their hands to grasp objects and their fingers pick up small bits of food.

Cognitive Development – Cognitive milestones represent important steps forward in a child’s development. Cognitive development refers to how children think, learn, explore, remember, and solve problems.

Even newborn infants are actively taking in information and learning new things. In addition to gathering new information about the people and the world around them, babies constantly discover new things about themselves.

Social Development – Things like smiling and responding to you, making eye contact or calming down when held by a familiar adult are all social and emotional milestones that most babies express and explore by a certain age.

During this first year, your baby will form special bonds with caring adults, explore the world around them by touching, looking and engaging within safe spaces with caregivers.  They will also learn more about emotions by watching you, sharing a smile and calming with your help.  

Just as it’s important for babies to be healthy physically, it’s also important for your baby to be healthy socially and emotionally. These skills help them make friends as they get older, learn how to express emotions in safe ways and take initiative to problem-solve and succeed in school and life.

Emotional Development – Early research led experts to believe that emotions are learned through human interaction, but newer research leads experts to believe that some emotions are naturally occurring and instinctual from birth. However, as suggested by Bronfenbrenner’s theory, the environmental experiences babies have as they grow and develop are also important influences in their emotional and social development.

1 & 2 Month Old

2 week old at Baby Spa, growth and development

7 & 8 Months Old

3 & 4 Months Old

Two babies in the baby spa, growth and development

9 & 10 Months Old

5 & 6 Months Old

11 & 12 Months Old